On asking about the MNREGA work, people who worked on the scheme came forward and showed us their records, which had Rs 35 to 50 as the daily wage rate. To Our The faction led by Dr Krishnasamy was allied with the AIDMK and won the two seats that were given to it. Since the ruling Justice Party had refused to revoke the law, he began to work for the Congress. When the Congress expelled all the dissenting fractions, including the Forward Bloc in 1948, the Forward Bloc became an independent opposition party, and he became its president of its Tamil Nadu state unit. Drawn into the national movement, he became a devout follower of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. We went to see Balakrishnan, an 18 years old boy, son of Ramar, a farm labourer. After serving the Army for a few years, he returned to Paramakudi to become a Youth Congress leader. They had formed a wall along the Madurai - Rameswaram road, leaving a lane sufficient to pass vehicles. Along with him we also oppressed oppression. Add your article. The lathi charge of the police was unprovoked. Today 34 persons have declared that this hall was registered in their name in 1993 and only they have all the rights regarding the hall. There would be numerous instances of this nature, where state has illegitimately lent its support to some partisan cause. Ukkirapandi Muthuramalingam Thevar (30 October 1908 – 30 October 1963), also known as Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar, was an Indian political leader. Roy tried to justify the police action saying that many policemen were injured in the stone pelting and had to be hospitalized. Witness 4: Murugaya, Belonged to the SC/ST government employees' association. The Hindu of 15.09.11 reported John Pandian, President of Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (TMMK) saying, “I was allotted time between 3 pm to 5 pm to pay my respects at the memorial … but was later illegally detained saying Section 144 Cr PC has been promulgated prohibiting me from entering Ramnathpuram.” He demands FIR to be filed against Rajesh Das, IG Police, South Zone, and K A Senthilvelan, Deputy Commissioner, Adyar (who was on deputation) under section 302 and Avaniapuram (Madurai) Inspector Gajendran under section 307 of the IPC. Smita Narula, Broken People: Caste Violence against India's “Untouchables” , Human Rights Watch, London, 2000, p. 86. •  The relief of Rs 1 lakh announced by the government to the deceased is ridiculous. The state should constitute a panel of lawyers belonging to dalit community to oversee the investigation and make a tight case for prosecution. He was brought to the Madurai General Hospital and was there for eight days without any treatment. It is not possible to see that they were enemies in politics like Rajaji-Kamaraj. From 2007, the Pallars have been using with impunity the epithets that symbolized their guru, Muthuramlinga Thevar and responding to them in every defiant way. He mobilized resistance to the CTA. They were sent from there to Sivagangai General Hospital and then sent to Madurai General Hospital where they received some treatment. Accordingly a team comprising Priyadarshini of Democratic Students Union (DSU), New Delhi; Lakshmi Prasanna of Caste Annihilation Liberation Front; Advocates Murugan and Kesavan and S. Gopal of CPCL, and Dr Anand Teltumbde of Committee for Protection of Democratic Rights (CPDR), Mumbai visited Paramakudi, Manjoor, Keelakodumbaloor, Sadayaneeri, and Veerambal; Patam, Puliyur, Chintamani Junction; Apollo hospital in Madurai; met with eye witnesses, victims' families, injured persons and talked to state authorities—district collectors of Ramnad and Madurai districts; RDO, Meera Parameshwari and Tehsildar, Paramakudi over the two days, i.e., 2 nd and 3 rd October 2011. To cite a few instances: His concern for the plight of the people of Indian origin in Myanmar; his steadfast support to Mao and the Chinese revolution; his analysis of foreign policies of the United States and the United Kingdom; and his advice to the Indian government not to join the Western camp. She told that they all had gone to the memorial to pay homage to Emmanuel Sekaran and went to the 5 road crossing around 11 am. CC In Your Move smoothly between articles as our pages load instantly. He had received it and was taken to the hospital by the people around. When the issue of false cases being slapped on the victims was brought to his notice, he said that some lawyers had also told him about them. Last year over 3 lakh people came for the gathering on September 11. In 2009, Arivazhagan, from Sivagangai district was murdered in September. What could a lorry full people really do? To Thevars, it tells that the government is firmly on their side. Although, for time being she had managed to diffuse the death penalty issue, the issue of Tamil nationalism could potentially crop up any time. The forthcoming local elections will reveal the prowess of this plan! As a subscriber, you are not only a beneficiary of our work but also its enabler. Muthuramalinga Thevar suggested that all the leaders could address the people in a public meeting. On Monday 29 August, the people had a successful rail roko and a demonstration; students boycotted colleges and lawyers courts; and a dalit girl immolated herself. He is survived by his parents, wife son (4) and daughter(2 ½). Political support in fact has earned them an impunity that is explained away in terms of their so-called ‘primeval' will to acts of violent anger. Balakrishnan, although shocked at his plight, was not reconciled with it and was determined to fight a legal battle against the police. He had married an upper caste girl. Author Aparna Karthikeyan talks about the joys of being a pet parent, Google Cloud rolls out image search, product recommendations for retailers, CRED’s Kunal Shah invests in OnePlus co-founder’s new venture, For the first time in its history, Joynagar moa being exported, Meet Amanda Gorman, the star poet from Biden-Harris inauguration, Greta Thunberg wishes ‘old man’ Trump a ‘wonderful future’, Data | Beginner’s pluck: winning at the Gabba with the least experience, How the male mantis avoids being decapitated after mating, Fake online varsities back in business of granting ‘D. When the others confronted the police they started to beat the people. People in Paramakudi do not have any doubt in mind that the police firing was preplanned. Right from 1957, when Immanuel Sekaran was murdered by Thevars for not having stood up in respect for Muthuramlinga Thevar during the Peace Conference after the riots between the Thevars and Pallars in 1957 elections, the Pallars started observing anniversary of his martyrdom as guru puja. The nature of the wounds itself was indicated that he was shot from a close range. Around that time, Gajendran, the police inspector arrived there. About Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar College, [PMTC] Madurai. Duraipandi along with his friends had arranged for welcoming people who were going to Paramakudi. His friends managed to click a picture of him with phone camera, after having been hit with a bullet. In these columns I had traced the early life and meteoric rise of Pasumpon Sri Muthuramalinga Thevar (THEVAR) as an incomparable freedom fighter and champion of socio-economic liberation of the backward classes of Madras Presidency up to the end of 1936. Printable version | Jan 21, 2021 6:37:57 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/books/Thevars-political-vision/article16365997.ece, In an extraordinary year when a rampaging virus and its impact grabbed all the headlines, tomes on the economy, politics, life, death and history dominated. He refused. He is also notorious for his anti-Dalit stand and also has many cases pending against him. He became the leader of the All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) in Tamil Nadu, and was national deputy chairman of the party from 1952 onwards. Because of their numbers and organization, they have been important vote bank for any political party. A reporter who did not want to be identified told us that after the incident Gajendran rode his bike and spoke on his cell phone with his staff. The entire conduct of the police was abominable and smacked of casteist prejudice. The greatest cultural tragedy that Tamil Nadu historically suffered was the bad chemistry between Kamaraj, Rajaji and Muthuramalinga Thevar. The chief minister J Jayalalithaa promptly issued a statement that it was a caste conflict between Thevars and Pallars and tried to colour it as a caste issue. People were just shouting slogans in revelry and nothing untoward had happened to provoke the police to open the lathi charge and soon thereafter firing. •  The coming state sponsored Thevar jayanthi is surely to repeat police atrocities on Dalits. Theerpukani wanted to take his bike parked there but seeing no one except police there he returned home along with his friends. A bullet hit him there. The AIDMK under MGR and later on under the present Chief Minister J Jayalalitha however have succeeded in winning their confidence. Ramaiah A., Untouchability and Inter- Caste Relations in Rural India: The Case of Southern Tamil Villages, Journal of religious Culture , No. The Hindu has always stood for journalism that is in the public interest. One hopes, the police have put proper charge sheet under IPC as well as Atrocity Act. The Madurai edition of the Hindu reported the incident as the front page lead item further: “The trouble started when a group of 200 persons, mostly belonging to the Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (TMMK), staged a road roko at Five Point Junction, demanding the release of their leader John Pandian. On pointing out to him that according to post mortem reports all casualties showed bullet marks well above waist, indicating that police had fired to kill, he said he did not have this information. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. The next day when people were passing from there towards Paramakudi they were stopped, on the pretext of traveling in an open vehicle. As he was injured he came back home. In southern Tamil Nadu, the behavior of these two communities was largely conditioned by the spirit of enmity. In 1920 the government of the Madras enacted Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) including Marvar as one of the “criminal tribes”. When asked if there was any instance of molestation, he deniede saying that there were only two women constables and they were standing far away from where the lathi charge took place. Place: Puliyur, a Dalit village in Sivagangai district. He could not call for any evidence as it would amount to tampering with evidence. Following Sekaran's death, widespread riots broke out across the region (in and around Mudukkalthur in Ramanathapuram district in the south east of Tamil Nadu), and tragically both Thevars and Dalits were killed in large numbers. Indeed there is a history of atrocities on Dalits in southern Tamil Nadu. As he cried for help, the police ran to him to beat him. But unlike these incidents, which represented the civil society strife culminating into an atrocity, this one was committed by the state for apparently no reason. Jayalalithaa's closest Thevar friend Shashikala would manage the loyalty of the community for the continued electoral success of the AIDMK. 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